Officially known as the United Mexican States; Mexico is the fifth largest country in the America by total area and the thirteenth largest independent country in the world. With an approximate population of 112 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking nation. It is located between latitudes 14° and 33°N, and longitudes 86° and 119°W in the southern portion of North America. The Tropic of Cancer effectively partitions the country into temperate and tropical zone. It experiences one of the world's most diverse weather systems. With over 200,000 different species, it is the home of 10-12% of the world's total biodiversity.
Mexico is also considered the second country in the world in ecosystems and is fourth in overall species. In terms of economy it has the 13th largest nominal GDP and the 11th largest by PPP (purchasing power parity. According to Goldman Sachs, it will have the 5th largest Economy in the world, by 2050. It is the twenty-third highest spender on tourism in the world, and is the highest in Latin America. The vast majority of tourists come from the Canada and United States. Others come from Asia, Latin American countries and Europe. In Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index, 2008; it was fifth among Latin American countries, and ninth in the America. As regards the communications; telecommunications industry is mostly dominated by Telmex, the Mexican satellite system is domestic and operates 120 earth stations, usage of radio, television, and Internet is prevalent. There are about 1,410 radio broadcast stations and 236 television stations in total.
Baja California Sur, known as the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California Sur, is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District. Before it became a state on October 8, 1974, it was known as the South Territory of Baja California. Baja California Sur was designed by Gustave Eiffel. It is characterized by mountains, deserts and coastal flatlands. The climate is Marjory desert-like in the state. Plants such as mezquite, cardon and wild-lettuce, animals like mountain lions. The state is known for its natural features. Varied flora and fauna are found in Baja California Sur. Notable among the tree species is the Bursera microphylla, Elephant tree, which exhibits a contorted multi-furcate architecture. Vacation rentals are also available in this part. Many vacation homes rentals operators offers variety of services.
San Felipe is a town on the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez) 190 km south of the United States border and within the municipality of Mexicali, in the Mexican state of Baja California. It is located in a unique ecosystem, where the deserts meets the sea. The Bay of San Felipe is 3 meters above sea level. It experiences one of the largest tidal bores throughout the world. The port of San Felipe is a small town formerly dependent on fishing but now on tourism, and caters mostly to U.S. travelers and containing an international airport. San Felipe is a popular spring break spot for residents of the Western U.S. states and northern Mexico, due to its many tourist attractions. Visitor's attractions include the sulfurous, geothermal, hot springs at Puertecitos on the Sea of Cortez, cooled by sea water. Nightclubs and bars dot the beach areas. Some visitors may enjoy camping on the beaches or off-roading on ATVs and also the dirt bikes in the adjacent desert. Other activities include off-road racing events such as the Baja 250 and San Felipe 250. In recent years, San Felipe locals and tourists have enjoyed a new and adventurous activity, Carnaval, which is often referred to as a Mexican Mardi Gras.